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SIFT and SURF Performance Evaluation for Mobile Robot-Monocular Visual Odometry

Houssem Eddine Benseddik, Oualid Djekoune, and Mahmoud Belhocine
Computer Integrated Manufacturing and Robotics Division
Center for Development of Advanced Technologies, Algiers, Algeria
Abstract—Visual odometry is the process of estimating the motion of mobile through the camera attached to it, by matching point features between pairs of consecutive image frames. For mobile robots, a reliable method for comparing images can constitute a key component for localization and motion estimation tasks. In this paper, we study and compare the SIFT and SURF detector/ descriptor in terms of accurate motion determination and runtime efficiency in context the mobile robot-monocular visual odometry. We evaluate the performance of these detectors/ descriptors from the repeatability, recall, precision and cost of computation. To estimate the relative pose of camera from outlier-contaminated feature correspondences, the essential matrix and inlier set is estimated using RANSAC. Experimental results demonstrate that SURF, outperform the SIFT, in both accuracy and speed.

Index Terms—SIFT, SURF, essential matrix, RANSAC, visual odmetry

Cite: Houssem Eddine Benseddik, Oualid Djekoune, and Mahmoud Belhocine, "SIFT and SURF Performance Evaluation for Mobile Robot-Monocular Visual Odometry," Journal of Image and Graphics, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 70-76, June 2014. doi: 10.12720/joig.2.1.70-76
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